On the coast, the crossroads of continental and sea - ways, during the prehistoric and ancient era, the town of Salona has developed as the metropolis of the Roman province Dalmatia, whose role was taken over by Split in the early Middle Ages.
From the 5th to the 2nd century B.C, the Greek colonists have founded some urban settlements on the islands and on the land. The emperor Diocletian, who was of Dalmatian origin himself, has had a huge palace built, into which he withdrew in the year 303. The Diocletian's palace became the centre, out of which the medieval town of Split has developed. Therefore, it is understandable that the medieval Croatian rulers have had many churches and mausoleums built on the ruins of Salona, near Split.
This extraordinary beautiful area abounds in cultural monuments. The Diocletian's palace is recorded into the UNESCO register of monuments of universal importance. The peculiar characteristic of this area is the masonry, because this region abounds in stone. No wonder that many famous builders and sculptors originate from this area. The most famous monument of the Dalmatian masonry is the portal of the cathedral in Trogir, which was chiseled out by the master Radovan in the 13th century. However, worthier than single buildings are the rural and the urban settlements in this region, fused with its natural frame, with rounded contours and polished masonry, which can be considered collective pieces of art.
Trogir with its condensed contours, situated on a small island seems to be a castle on the water with the prisms of its towers and crystals of its bell - towers.
Split, which has developed out of the Diocletian's
palace is the most imaginative town of
Dalmatia, with complicated spatial relationships,
medieval houses and churches built on the
ruins of imperial chambers. Split is therefore a
town with secret historical semantics, especially
concernlng imperiai memories.
The tiny town of Omis under the fortress situated on the mouth of the river Cetina has got an almost pathetic scenery with cliffs and rocks in the background.
In the background of the urban centre of Makarska one can see the slopes of the mountain of Biokovo, under which there are many beaches and clear blue sea.
The town of Hvar grows steplike, with its facades one above the other, always turned towards the sun and the high seas.